Current status of organ transplantation in Japan
The Organ transplantation is performed by donated organ. There are 2 types of donor such as Living related and Deceased donor.
A living related donor will be mainly family members, and a deceased donor is someone who has just died.
In case of Japan, a deceased donor is controlled by "Japan Organ Transplant Network". Only this organization can handle deceased donor by a law.
The patient who wants to take an organ transplantation, he/she must register their name on the waiting list of this organization with paying a fee at the time of registration and paying an annual fee is also needed, however the current waiting period will be about more than 15 years.
And even if you are chosen as a patient to receive an organ transplant donated from a cadaver body by Japan Organ Transplant Network, it is not always possible to undergo the surgery.
Organs removed from cadaver body must be transplanted to patients immediately. Therefore, you are required to make decisions and actions in a very short time.
If you can not take an action immediately with this, no one knows when the next contact will come.
On the other hand, In the case of living kidney transplantation, registration in the Japan Organ Transplant Network is not required, and transplant surgery will be carried out if medical expert's evaluation is good.
If you have a matching donor with you, the surgery can be done at anytime, but the donor must be related with you, it's mainly a family members, and willing of donor will be strictly investigated by the transplant ethics committee to prevent an organ trafficking.
Accordingly, getting an ideal living donor is not easy, but this way is a best solution to recover a good health for the kidney deceased patient.